Iconography in Art

Iconography & Symbolism in Art

Anchor
Christianity; Hope
Apple
the fall of man / sin; with Christ - redemption; with Venus - discord, love
Arrow
Carrier of disease (the plague), Attribute of Cupid (gold: love; lead: hate), lust; Apollo, Diana, Achille; St Augustine, St Ursula, St Sebastian, St Christina, St Francis, St Dominic; Piercing a heart: devotion, union; Personification of America; Attribute of concord (agreement)
Birds
sacrifice and resurrection, as well as the soul and death; Allegory of Spring, Air and touch, love and seduction

Dove: Holy Spirit, Annunciation, Innocence, love

Goldfinch: symbol of the Passion

Owl: Minerva, wisdom, attribute of the night personified

Peacock: Resurrection; immortality

Pelican: symbolic of Christ's sacrifice
Bull
Luke the Evangelist; Europa, Europe
Children
3 children: charity
Cornucopia
Fertility; Goddess; Ceres: agriculture; Lares; Abundance; Earth (4 elements); Autumn; Peace; Concord; Fortune; Flora
Europe
Colours
Blue – purity, truth and clarity; The Virgin Mary; heaven.

Red- greediness, power and lust, but also martyrdom, artistic qualities, family lineage and love

White - is a sign of innocence; Birth, Youth, Betrothal and Marriage;
The Virgin Mary; Virgin and Child; The Immaculate Conception,
The Holy Family

Orange - indulgence; carnal desires, original sin; corruption, Judas the betrayer of Christ
Dogs
protection, loyalty, fidelity, faithfulness, watchfulness, and love (female seductiveness, male virility)
Fish
Christ, symbol of resurrection, attribute to a number of saints, water in the 4 elements
Fly
Sin
Lamb
Jesus, the lamb of God (Agnus Dei), sacrifice

Standing with a banner, the lamb represents the risen Christ triumphant over death.

Standing with a cross and a gash in its side, it symbolizes the passion of Christ.

Seated on a throne or a book, the lamb represents the judgment of Christ.
Show More

Lectures and Lecture Hand Outs:

Books: