Iconography in Art

Iconography & Symbolism in Art

Anchor
Anchor

Christianity; Hope

Apple
Apple

the fall of man / sin; with Christ - redemption; with Venus - discord, love

Arrow
Arrow

Carrier of disease (the plague), Attribute of Cupid (gold: love; lead: hate), lust; Apollo, Diana, Achille; St Augustine, St Ursula, St Sebastian, St Christina, St Francis, St Dominic; Piercing a heart: devotion, union; Personification of America; Attribute of concord (agreement)

Birds
Birds

sacrifice and resurrection, as well as the soul and death; Allegory of Spring, Air and touch, love and seduction Dove: Holy Spirit, Annunciation, Innocence, love Goldfinch: symbol of the Passion Owl: Minerva, wisdom, attribute of the night personified Peacock: Resurrection; immortality Pelican: symbolic of Christ's sacrifice

Bull
Bull

Luke the Evangelist; Europa, Europe

Children
Children

3 children: charity

Cornucopia
Cornucopia

Fertility; Goddess; Ceres: agriculture; Lares; Abundance; Earth (4 elements); Autumn; Peace; Concord; Fortune; Flora Europe

Colours
Colours

Blue – purity, truth and clarity; The Virgin Mary; heaven. Red- greediness, power and lust, but also martyrdom, artistic qualities, family lineage and love White - is a sign of innocence; Birth, Youth, Betrothal and Marriage; The Virgin Mary; Virgin and Child; The Immaculate Conception, The Holy Family Orange - indulgence; carnal desires, original sin; corruption, Judas the betrayer of Christ

Dogs
Dogs

protection, loyalty, fidelity, faithfulness, watchfulness, and love (female seductiveness, male virility)

Fish
Fish

Christ, symbol of resurrection, attribute to a number of saints, water in the 4 elements

Fly
Fly

Sin

Lamb
Lamb

Jesus, the lamb of God (Agnus Dei), sacrifice Standing with a banner, the lamb represents the risen Christ triumphant over death. Standing with a cross and a gash in its side, it symbolizes the passion of Christ. Seated on a throne or a book, the lamb represents the judgment of Christ.

Lectures and Lecture Hand Outs: